Diabetes is a lifestyle disease which means that it can be prevented by living a healthy and active lifestyle, and of course eating a proper diet consisting of vegetables, and limiting or avoiding the intake of sugary drinks such as soda, and sugary food. Not only will this prevent the onset of diabetes, but it will also lower the risk of other illnesses such as heart disease and high blood pressure.
Effects of Diabetes
When Diabetes is not managed properly, it can lead to complications. These problems are caused by glucose buildup in the blood. This buildup means that the sugar stays in the blood instead of being absorbed into the cells, which causes them to not function properly. Some of the complications are:
Kidneys are unable to deal with high levels of sugar in the blood and this leads to frequent urination. When there is a lot of sugar in urine, it draws water from the body with it. Whenever a person with diabetes urinates, he loses a large amount glucose, but he also loses a large amount of water and this is what causes the dehydration.
Some people who suffer from diabetes have high levels of blood sugar, but it is also possible that they experience hypoglycemia, which occurs when a person has low levels of sugar in their blood. It is those who experience hypoglycemia who are at most risk of falling into a diabetic coma. Other diabetic related problems that can lead to a coma are diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a condition where acidic substances in the body called ketones, that burn fat for energy instead of sugar, are built up; and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome, where the person has an extremely high level of sugar in their blood usually found in undiagnosed patients. A diabetic person can also fall into a coma from severe dehydration if they are not able to replace the fluids they have lost.
If diabetes goes undiagnosed or uncontrolled, it can lead to irreversible damage to the body such as the narrowing of the arteries, or atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis can lead to even more dangerous health problems such as higher risk of a stroke, heart attack, and even damage to the kidneys and eyes.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Mentioned above are the complications diabetes can lead to if it remains undiagnosed and uncontrolled, which is why it’s important to spot it early on. Diabetes symptoms include:
- Increased hunger and thirst
- Fatigue, feeling weak and tired
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
- Unexplained weight loss despite the increased hunger
- Impaired vision
- Discoloration and darkening of the neck, groins, and armpits (acanthosis)
- Sexual or erectile dysfunction, and itching of the skin around the vaginal and groin area
- Cuts that heal slowly
Medication for diabetes is available everywhere and makes it easier for diabetics to manage their disease. Diabetes is a long-term disorder of a person’s metabolism. It can be described more simply as the body’s inability to absorb glucose or sugar into its cells to turn it into energy.
About the author:
Katrina is your average gal living inside the metro who has passion for writing, travel and photography. She admires nature at its finest and always wanted to become one of them. Dreaming to have the Cinderella life one day, humming with the birds, dancing with the clouds.